Turkish Libyan Maritime Agreement
However, if the maritime distance between the two countries is less than 424 miles, exclusive economic zones are governed by bilateral agreements between the two coastal states. Turkey`s recent actions in the eastern Mediterranean have made waves after signing a maritime agreement with the Libyan government of the Tripoli-based National Agreement (GNA). The agreement sends a clear signal to other coastal states in the region that they will not run out of gas without Ankara`s agreement. There are several reasons why Turkey does not accept the explanation of Crete`s exclusive economic zone. First, Turkey is very close to Crete. The law of the sea suggests that each island is treated differently with regard to the delimitation of maritime borders, especially since the conflict of the Greek islands. Proximity to the coast of another state is an important variable in the delimitation of continental surfaces. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.”  Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.  Turkey and the government of the national agreement have signed a maritime border treaty to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, meaning they can claim rights to basic marine resources.  According to the list of maritime border treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region.
However, there are concerns that the agreement could fuel an “energy showdown” in the region because it is highly controversial.  The maritime zone of the eastern Mediterranean, secured by the agreement between Turkey and Libya. There are no such in-depth agreements between the coastal states of the eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the sole authority on the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs of the eastern Mediterranean.