International Agreements Upsc
Perhaps the most successful international agreement to date. The two ozone treaties have been ratified by 197 parties, including 196 states and the European Union, making them the first universally ratified treaties in the history of the United Nations. The Rio-20 Declaration called on United Nations agencies and the international community to help interested countries develop, adopt and implement strategies and strategies for a green economy. Understanding the need to protect and preserve the natural resources of the Caspian Sea for future generations and the fact that this goal can only be achieved through international cooperation was at the heart of the intention to create the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Caspian Sea Marine Environment, the Tehran Convention. The Bamako Convention is a response to Article 11 of the Basel Convention, which calls on contracting parties to conclude bilateral, multilateral and regional agreements on hazardous waste in order to contribute to the achievement of the convention`s objectives. The GTF is the only intergovernmental international body to have been established with members of agreeing countries to launch a global tiger protection campaign. The Ramsar Convention (the city of Iran where it was ratified in 1971) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, which recognizes the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific and recreational value. It includes long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership agreements. It is therefore based primarily on the principles of participation, partnership and decentralization and deals with dry, semi-dry and dry wetlands, known as drylands, where some of the most sensitive ecosystems and people are found. International Seabed Agency – A United Nations body was created to regulate the exploration and exploitation of non-living marine resources in international waters. The Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) received a mixed response.
While some saw it as a major milestone that could prove to be a turning point in human history, others saw the Treaty as an attempt by the United States and the Soviet Union to establish their nuclear hegemony over the whole world. For example, U.S. President Johnson called the treaty “the most important international disarmament agreement since the beginning of the nuclear era.” He called this a first step towards ending the danger of nuclear war. Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko also said the treaty was “one of the most important steps ever taken to stem the nuclear arms race in the name of the enduring interests of peace. On the other hand, the Chinese government strongly condemned the NPT. She described the treaty as a “great conspiracy and a great scam of American imperialists and Soviet revisionists.” They claimed that the United States and the Soviet Union, through this treaty, wanted to deprive non-nuclear nations under threat from the United States, Soviet nuclear.